Preventative Health Care for Horses
All foals should be examined 10-12 hours after birth to check for congenital abnormalities. Also, their serum IgG concentration must be checked to determine if they received passive transfer of antibodies from the mare. Failure of passive tranfer(FPT) is a factor related to many neonatal diseases in the foal. If present, FPT must be treated early to avoid future problems.
Foals are also given an enema, a tetanus antitoxin injection unless the mare is vaccinated, and a chlorhexidine solution is dispensed to be applied to the umbilical stump twice daily for 10 days. We routinely treat most foals with prophylactic antibiotics once daily for 3 days to prevent infection that can be acquired while nursing during the first 24 hours of life.
The placenta is also examined for tears or other abnormalities. Foals should be dewormed with anthelcide EQ at 8 and 12 weeks of age.
Foals should receive a complete physical exam including a dental exam at 16 weeks(4 months) of age and initial vaccinations given depending on their risk of exposure. The foal should be dewormed with ivermectin and times for future vaccinations and deworming will be discussed as well as the Preventicare Program.
Adult horses should receive a semi-annual(every 6 months) physical examination including a dental exam followed by recommended vaccinations. See our detailed information on new deworming programs on the following page on our website.